Everardo Ramírez (1906 - 1992)


Everardo Ramírez (1906 - 1992)
Born into a peasant family, Everardo Ramírez (1906 - 1992) grew up in Coyoacán, a village on the outskirts of Mexico City which has since been absorbed into its urban fabric. Throughout his life Ramírez lived in this area and his work often focuses on aspects of rural life demonstrating his familiarity with those subjects. At the age of sixteen he entered the Open Air School at Coyoacán. These schools, established after the Mexican Revolution, were one of several government initiatives designed to provide an inclusive education. Ramírez continued his artistic training at the Centro Popular de Pintura 'Santiago Rebull' in 1930; here he was taught by the printmakers Gabriel Fernández Ledesma, Fernando Leal and Francisco Díaz de León. During his time here, Ramírez possibly met Isidoro Ocampo; he later taught there, his students including Jesús Escobedo. In 1933, with Leopoldo Méndez and Pablo O'Higgins, Ramírez became involved in the founding of the LEAR. With this group Ramírez made prints for 'Frente a Frente', the official magazine of LEAR. He also played a role in establishing the TGP in 1937, but was one of the printmakers who abandoned the collective when a feud over the pricing of prints broke out in 1940. Whereas the linocuts by Ramírez in this catalogue demonstrate his skill with this technique, he worked mainly in woodcut. His best-known prints were published by the TGP in 1948 in a series called 'Vida en mi barriada' ('Life at my city's edge'). This portfolio contained fifteen prints on the subject of life in Coyoacán. Ramírez also worked with other members of the TGP to make prints for posters addressing political and social issues. In 1967 he began copying prints by José Guadalupe Posada at the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. He was also involved in the organization of an exhibition of children's art in 1968 which coincided with the Mexico City Olympic Games.